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Wednesday, November 4, 2020 | History

5 edition of Utilitarian ethics found in the catalog.

Utilitarian ethics

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  • 23 Currently reading

Published by Duckworth in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Utilitarianism.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementAnthony Quinton.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsB843
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxii, 116p. ;
    Number of Pages116
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22641037M
    ISBN 10071561729X, 0715617303


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Utilitarian ethics by Anthony Quinton Download PDF EPUB FB2

Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that determines right from wrong by focusing on outcomes. It is a form of consequentialism.

Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number. It is the only moral framework that can be used to justify military force or [ ]. Mill's book "Utilitarianism" is a classic exposition and defense of utilitarianism in ethics.

The essay first appeared as a series of three articles published in Fraser's Magazine in ; the articles were collected and reprinted as a single book in Reviews: An Introduction to Mill's Utilitarian Ethics Henry R. West provides a helpful addition to interpretation of J.S. Mill's Utilitarianism.

West states: "The present work is conceived as a contribution to [disputes of interpretation of Mill's "Utilitarianism"], both of interpretation and of the merits of Mill's philosophical position.

It is an Cited by: Utilitarian Ethics has been added to your Cart Add to Cart. Buy Now See all 4 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $ — $ Paperback "Please retry" $ $ $ Hardcover $ 8 Used from $ Paperback $ Format: Paperback.

Utilitarianism, by John Stuart Mill, is an essay written to provide support for the value of utilitarianism as a moral theory, and to respond to misconceptions about it. Mill defines utilitarianism as a theory based on the principle that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.".

Utilitarian Ethics Utilitarian ethics is a normative ethical system that is primarily concerned with the consequences of ethical decisions; therefore it can be described as a teleological theory Utilitarian ethics book consequentialist theory, which are essentially the same thing, both having a notion that the consequence of the act is the most important determinant of the act being Author: Steve McCartney, Rick Parent, McCartney, Steve.

The most distinctive feature of Henry West’s new book An Introduction to Mill’s Utilitarian Ethics is signaled by its title. Whereas most introductions to Mill’s ethics largely restrict their attention to Mill’s Utilitarianism, West’s book treats that essay as but one source among be sure, West draws on that source more than on any other.

Template:Under Construction This page contains a detailed summary of Henry Sidgwick's Methods of Ethics (, 3rd edition). For the second book, see The Methods of Ethics (book 2), which is based on the 7th edition.

As the content is expanded, the structure of this page might change—this page might become a brief description of Utilitarian ethics book work with links to each of the four.

Julia Markovits (MIT) gives an introduction to the moral theory of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is the view that the right moral action is the one that maximizes happiness for all.

Speaker: Dr. Julia Markovits, Associate Professor of Philosophy, MIT. Henry Sidgwick ( - ) was a British philosopher and economist. One of the classical utilitarians, he wrote one of the most important statements of utilitarianism in his The Methods of Ethics, which was said to be “the best book ever written on ethics”.Author: Lucy Hampton.

A frustrating aspect of this book is the repeated assertion of the moral values of science, unmatched by a corresponding elaboration of these values, beyond clear references to Whewell's opposition to utilitarian ethics, and to the compatibility of scientific with religious views.

THE UTILITARIAN RESPONSE TO GENETIC ENGINEERING BACKGROUND Utilitarian ethics was an teleological ethical theory developed by Bentham, and John Stuart Mill in his book 'Utilitarianism'. The ethical theory says that an action is right or wrong depending on the amount of pleasure or pain the action generates.

The strong rule utilitarian appears to suffer from what J. Smart (–) described as “Rule Worship”. No longer focussing on the consequences of the action before them, the strong rule utilitarian appears to ignore the option to maximise total happiness in favour of following a general and non-relative rule regarding how to act.

Utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action is right if it tends to promote happiness and wrong.

environmental ethics more broadly and teach utilitarian ethics in a non-pejorative fashion so that graduates of environmental studies and policy programs understand the merits of utilitarian arguments and can comfortably participate in the policymaking arena, where utilitarian ethics continue to play a dominant role.

Utilitarian’s believe that actions have calculable outcomes and that ethical choices have outcomes which lead to the most happiness to the most members of a society. Utilitarianism is often considered a consequentialist philosophical outlook because it both believes that outcomes can be predicted and because it judges actions based on their.

Utilitarianism (Consequence-based Ethics) 1 year ago • Ethical Theories and Frameworks • 0 One of the most influential ethical frameworks, utilitarianism is focused on consequences and results; the sole basis of morality is determined by its usefulness or utility. Define Utilitarian ethics.

Utilitarian ethics synonyms, Utilitarian ethics pronunciation, Utilitarian ethics translation, English dictionary definition of Utilitarian ethics. Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill John Stuart Mill's book Utilitarianism is a classic exposition and defense of utilitarianism in ethics.

The essay first appeared as a series of three articles published in Fraser's Magazine in ; the articles were collected and reprinted as a single book in /5. EBSCOhost serves thousands of libraries with premium essays, articles and other content including Utilitarianism: for and against/ Utilitarian Ethics (Book).

Get. Fundamentally, this is a question of ethics and distributive justice. In answering this question Italy has opted for a utilitarian approach: “the principle of maximizing benefits for the largest number”.

That allocation must be towards “those patients with the highest chance of therapeutic success”. A catalog record for this book is available from the British Library. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data West, Henry R., – An introduction to Mill’s utilitarian ethics/Henry R.

West. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN – ISBN (pbk.) 1. Mill, John Stuart, – Size: 86KB. Get this from a library. Utilitarian ethics. [Anthony Quinton] -- The book begins with a definition of utilitarianism, and goes on to consider hedonism as a criterion of value and theory of motivation.

Early hedonism is surveyed, followed by the emergence of. 3. Utilitarian ethics attempts to quantify happiness and pain. The first is the desired consequence of a moral decision; the second is to be avoided. Utilitarian ethics distinguishes between happiness as an intrinsic good and those factors that are instrumental means in achieving happiness.

A utilitarian model of ethics is one where the greatest good is produced for the greatest number of people. As explained in the text, payola is the act of StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes.

Ethics *immediately available upon purchase as print book shipments may be delayed due to the COVID crisis. ebook access is temporary and does not include ownership of the ebook. Only valid for books with an ebook : Palgrave Macmillan UK.

‘The book will be particularly valuable to students interested in Mill’s ethical theory. But it should be of interest to Mill scholars and to the general reader who wishes to understand the foundations of ethics.’ C. Ten - University of SingaporeCited by:   Peter Singer () is an Australian moral philosopher and Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University.

His work concentrates on issues in applied ethics, in particular our treatment of animals, the ethics of global poverty, and effective altruism. The publication of his book Animal LiberaAuthor: Lucy Hampton. Ethics – Four Branches (3) Metaethics = The study of ethical terms, statements and judgements.

• Analysis of the language, concepts and methods of resoning in ethics. It addresses the meaning of ethical terms such as right, duty, obligation, justification, morality, responsibility. Virtue ethics states that character matters above all else.

Living an ethical life, or acting rightly, requires developing and demonstrating the virtues of courage, compassion, wisdom, and temperance. It also requires the avoidance of vices like greed, jealousy, and selfishness.

Utilitarianism holds that the amount of happiness and suffering. Two essays on utilitarianism, written from opposite points of view, by J. Smart and Bernard Williams. In the first part of the book Professor Smart advocates a modern and sophisticated version of classical utilitarianism; he tries to formulate a consistent and persuasive elaboration of the doctrine that the rightness and wrongness of actions is determined solely by their 4/5(2).

History of utilitarianism []. Utilitarianism was founded by Jeremy Bentham and further developed by his disciple, John Stuart m was most interested in the ramifications that a utilitarian ethics would have for the law, and he developed a precise system for correlating a crime's detrimental effect on utility to the severity of its punishment.

Utilitarian ethics defines an act as good when its consequences bring the greatest good or happiness to the greatest number of people.

There are a variety of specific forms of utilitarianism. Theoretically, utilitarianism is straightforward, but in practical terms it can be difficult to measure the happiness of individuals. Show only: 3 Utilitarian heroes Number of characters in this sub-list: 3 (out of a total of 36, in the database).

Utilitarianism is the idea that the moral worth of an action is solely determined by its contribution to overall utility, that is, its contribution to happiness or pleasure as summed among all persons. Genre/Form: History: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Quinton, Anthony.

Utilitarian ethics. London, Macmillan, (OCoLC) Document Type. "Henry Sidgwick's book, Methods of Ethics, was published ina year after the death of John Stuart Mill.

This book represents the deepest and most systematic effort to analyze the difficulties of Mill's philosophy and to surmount them to reach.

Ethics: The Basics provides beginning students with a solid grounding in basic ethical principles, theories and traditions, as well as a set of conceptual tools necessary to think about ethics and make ethical decisions.

Introduces ethical concepts, theories, and traditions in an unusually reader-friendly manner Considers western and non-western ethical viewpoints Reviews: 1. the utilitarian position.

He then argues that the phrase ‘does not occur [in the Introduction to the Principles] because it does not represent [Bentham’s] views about conflicts of interest when he wrote the book’ and that ‘any universalistic connotations that the phrase may have are also foreign to that work’.

Of recent years normative ethics has become distinguished from meta-ethics, which discusses the nature of ethical concepts.

Indeed, as a result of the prevalence of ‘non-cognitivist’ theories of meta-ethics, for example those of C. Stevenson and R. Hare, normative ethics has fallen into some disrepute, at any rate as a philosophical.

We cannot violate moral law to prop up utilitarian ethics. Cultures the world over have tolerated abortion under strict conditions because the alternatives; infanticide, grotesque numbers of infant mortality in foundling homes, street children, the horrors of abandonment witnessed in Romanian state orphanages, are a far deeper stain on the.